Summary of the Research Proposal
The research examines the ritual of Ashura, as it is performed by the Pakistani Shia community in Piraeus. Ashura is the day of mourning for the martyrdom of Imam Husayn: the Prophet’s grandson and 3rd Imam who led a revolt against the Omayyad caliph Yazid A, and was finally beheaded in the battle of Karbala in 680 AD. This battle provides the central narrative around which Shia Muslims construct their political identity as migrants and their religious identification as a minority vis-à-vis Sunni Muslims in Greece. Ashura is commemorated every year through rituals of lamentation and public processions that include, in some cases, self-flagellation.
A decontextualized focus on the act of self-flagellation, over-accentuated by the mass media, reinforces local stereotypes of the Shia community practices as ‘incompatible’ with Greek cultural values. Social representations of the Shiite as ‘barbaric Others’ are frequently evoked in public debate in order to support Islamophobic and racialised narratives of anti-cosmopolitanism. However, confronted with xenophobia and social estrangement, the Shiite systematically attempt to articulate counter-narratives of ‘cultural intimacy’ (Herzfeld 2005) that stress the similarities between their ritual lament and various embodied performances of faith from the Greek cultural context, such as the Tinos pilgrimage (Dubisch 1996) or the Anastenaria (Danforth 1989).
The proposed research has a threefold purpose. First, it documents the community’s political struggle to promote discursively and practically a multicultural vision of citizenship based on embodied and affective components of subjectivity. Second, it unravels the rich meta-symbolic character the Ashura assumes in a migratory context, becoming an idiom or expressing and negotiating feelings of loss associated with migration trajectories. Third, departing from the case of the Ashura, but also opening-up the research focus through other examples of performances of lament, it examines how the claim to cultural intimacy is re-articulated in contemporary artistic practices, focusing on the performing arts.
Marios Chatziprokopiou studied history and theatre in Thessaloniki and visual arts in Paris. He earned his M.A. in social anthropology (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales de Paris), funded by the French government and the Michelis Foundation, and his PhD in theatre and performance Studies (Aberystwyth University), funded by the Doctoral Career Development Scholarship. He teaches contemporary theories of theatre and drama at the University of Patras (2018-9, first semester) and he has taught courses of anthropology, theatre and performance at the Federal University of Bahia, Aberystwyth University, and Panteion University. His articles appear in international edited volumes and peer-reviewed journals. His research and teaching interests focus on performances of migration and refugeeness, contemporary re-readings of ancient drama, performances of gender and sexuality, ritual performances of lament (emphasizing on Shia Islam), and on the interrelations between religious ritual and artistic practice.
Fotini Tsibiridou is Professor of Social Anthropology (University of Macedonia, department of Balkan, Slavic and Oriental Studies). Ex-Director of the MA program (2013- 2018): “History, Anthropology and Culture in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe” (University of Macedonia-Thessaloniki), Academic staff of the Democritus University of Thrace 1992-2003.
She holds a PhD and an MA from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (1990), Graduated Studies in French literature (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki), Academic Scholar at EHESS-Paris (1996), Harvard MA (1999), Bilgi-Istanbul (2008), Mimar Sinan University (2015-16).
Her research interests focus on political anthropology, Islam and gender (ethnic minorities, Islam, nationalisms, state culture and citizenship, urban ethnography, gender, power and social movements). She has conducted ethnographic fieldwork in Greece, Turkey and the Middle East (The Sultanate of Oman).
- Chatziprokopiou, Marios, ‘Queering the archive of Greek laments’, Journal of Greek Media & Culture, forthcoming spring 2019.
- Chatziprokopiou, Marios, ‘Hosting the lament(s) of Others? Tensions and antinomies in Dries Verhoeven’s No Man’s Land’, Journal of Greek Media & Culture, 3:2, pp. 161–176, 2017.
- Chatziprokopiou, Marios and Hatziprokopiou, Panos, ‘Between the poetics of difference and the politics of similarity: Performing Ashura in Piraeus’, Journal of Muslims in Europe, 6:2, pp. 1- 19, 2017.
- Chatziprokopiou, Marios, ‘Lamenting (with the) “Others”, “Lamenting our Failure to Lament”? An auto-ethnographic account of the vocal expression of loss,’ in Voice Studies: Critical Approaches to Process, Performance and Experience (Ed. by Ben Macpherson and Konstantinos Thomaidis), Routledge, London and New York, 2015.
- Chatziprokopiou, Marios and Kear, Adrian, ‘Mourning’ (dictionary entry), in Vocabulary for the Study of Religion (VSR), Brill, 2015.
- Chatziprokopiou, Marios, ‘24 Juillet 1967: La reconstitution imaginaire d’une soirée du 4em workshop de la libre expression’. in Lebel, Jean-Jacques et Michaël, Androula, Les happenings de Jean-Jacques Lebel, ou l’insoumission radicale, Paris: Hazan, pp. 202-21, 2009.
- Tsibiridou & D. Stamatopoulos (2008) Orientalism at the limits. From the Ottoman Balkans to the Contemporary Middle East. Athens: Kritiki [in Greek].
- Tsibiridou & N. Palantzas (eds) (2013) Myths of the Other in the Balkans. Representations, Social Practices, Performances. Thessaloniki: (eBook ISBN 978-960-8096-05-9) http://online.anyflip.com/wiwn/vglf/mobile/index.html
- Deltsou and F. Tsibiridou (guest editors), Semiotics and Fieldwork: On Critical Ethnographies, Punctum. International journal of semiotics 2:2 December 2016 file:///C:/Users/user/Downloads/Punctum22-forweb-v1.pdf
- Deltsou and F. Tsibiridou (guest editors) (2017), “Introduction” and eds Urban lives and protests in neoliberal times: Art, aesthetics and solidarity as possibilities. The Greek Journal of Social Research (special issue 149 B/) https://ejournals.epublishing.ekt.gr/index.php/ekke
- Tsibiridou and M. Bartsidis, “‘Dignity’ as glocal civic virtue: Redefining democracy in the era of neoliberal governmentality”, στο Sabah Alnasseri (ed.) Arab Revolutions and Beyond, New York: Macmillan-Palgrave 2016: 31-54.
- Tsibiridou (2016) “Dissemination paper on NATIONLESS project”, NATIONLESS, Artan Sadiku and Gjorgje Jovanovik (eds), Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities-Skopje: 26-38. http://nationlessproject.weebly.com/publication.html
- Deltsou and F. Tsibiridou (guest editors), Introduction – Semiotics and Fieldwork: On Critical Ethnographies, Punctum. International journal of semiotics 2:2 (pp. 5-13) December 2016
- Tsibiridou (2018). “An Ethnography of Space, Creative Dissent and Reflective Nostalgia in the City Centre of Global Istanbul”, in Pardo, I. and Prato, G. (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Urban Ethnography (pp. 405-426). Palgrave-Macmillan.
- Τsibiridou, Fotini (2017) “Creativity, Counterpublics and Çapulcu [looters] Cosmopolitics in Beyoǧlu (Istanbul)”, in E. Deltsou and F. Tsibiridou (guest editors), Urban lives and protests in neoliberal times: Art, aesthetics and solidarity as possibilities. The Greek Journal of Social Research (special issue, 149 B/) https://ejournals.epublishing.ekt.gr/index.php/ekke/article/view/15815
- Φ. Τσιμπιρίδου (2018) «Η πατριαρχία ως αιχμαλωσία στη μετασοβιετική εποχή: βότκα ανδρισμός επί της οθόνης και θυμωμένες φεμινίστριες στην κάμερα», Φεμινιστιqα, τεύχος 1 http://feministiqa.net/i-patriarxia-os-aixmalosia-sti-metan/